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Ice-cream and sorbets

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Last modified on: November 9th 2018

Overview

First of all it's necessary to distinguish between the two.

Classic examples:

ice cream
Pear sorbet
sorbet
Vanilla ice-cream

After preparation both are churned in an ice-cream maker.

Sorbets

Sorbet recipes are very simple: you need 50% sugar syrup and 50% fruit purée (this may vary according to type of fruit).

Simple to prepare because all the quality comes from the quality of fruit used: the better the fruit is, the better your sorbet will be. In others words, if you use tasteless fruits, you will have a tasteless sorbet. But if you use quality full-flavoured fruit (organic if possible) you will produce a delicious sorbet. An example: if you make a strawberry sorbet using well-flavoured strawberries in season (like "garriguettes" or "Mara des bois") your sorbet will be far better than if you use strawberries bought in February or March in a supermarket.

To make this famous strawberry sorbet, quickly clean strawberries, remove stalk and blend until reduced to a purée, add the same volume of sugar syrup. It's ready to go into the ice-cream maker.

It's also possible to make savoury sorbets, like tomato sorbet for example. The trick is to add an egg white to replace the syrup.

Ice cream

Not quite as easy because there are more ingredients and the mixture needs to be cooked. See mint ice-cream recipe and others in the desserts list.

Churning

This is the process of freezing in an ice-cream machine which churns the mixture to make sorbet or ice-cream. Usually there is nothing special to do, but here are some tips:

The choice of ice-cream machine is of vital importance

The very best: cold-producing

This kind of machine has its own refrigeration unit, there's no need to put it in the freezer before use, it freezes evenly and can be used whenever required. Of course this doesn't come at the same price, see more in the best adresses pages.

ice cream machinekiwi sorbet

The same, making a kiwi sorbet (the lid is off for the photo).


As you can see, it's quite expensive, but bearing in mind all the great ice-creams you can make with it, it's a good investment.

How to make ice-creams

How to enjoy

Better than an ice-cream maker

From all that has gone before, you should hold on to the idea that the more quickly ice-creams or sorbets are made, that is churned or set, the better they are. This is because during the churning small ice crystals form, which can give a rough texture to the ice-cream. So the quicker the process, the less time the crystals have to form, and the better the result.

In that case, is it possible to make ice-cream even more quickly than with an ice-cream maker? Answer: yes, but it requires special techniques.

Liquid nitrogen

Liquid nitrogen is very strange stuff: it's a boiling liquid of gaseous nitrogen (the neutral gas that makes up 3/4 of our air) liquified and at -196°C.

Clearly this is not something that can be handled like water, and certain strict rules must be observed (gloves and goggles as a minimum precaution), as touching the nitrogen or getting it on the skin can lead to serious burns.
I suggest you read the following on the subject: Liquid Nitrogen Safety (Oxford University). Warning: the author of this page can in no way be held responsible for problems or injuries resulting from the use of this substance.

It is not easy for private individuals to obtain, and you will need to find local suppliers via the yellow pages or search engines. I'll take this oportunity to thank a colleague in passing (who will recognise himself), without whom these experiments would not have been possible.

Once appropriate safety precautions are in place, let's see what use this can be for making ice-cream. Well, it's simply a matter of speed, ice-cream which freezes almost instantaneously. About an equal quantity of liquid nitrogen is poured into the mixture while beating energetically, which causes the ice-cream to freeze in a few seconds in spectacular billows of fog.

How is it done?

First prepare the mixture for your ice-cream or sorbet as usual; here it's vanilla ice-cream, then transfer it to a metal bowl.

liquid nitrogen

Then pour the liquid nitrogen a little at a time while beating the mixture.

liquid nitrogen

This will give off lots of "ice-fog", which means that you won't see much of what you're doing, but keep beating, and here's a tip: blow on the bowl to disperse the "fog" a little.

liquid nitrogen

In a few seconds you will feel the mixture begin to set and thicken.

liquid nitrogen

At last you will have your special liquid nitrogen ice-cream and you will be amazed at how smooth it is.

liquid nitrogen

Much more than just molecular cuisine trickery, these liquid nitrogen ice-creams, even though they're tricky to make, are a real technical innovation.

Dry ice

Alternative and other strange product, dry ice is solid CO2 at -80°C, and can be used to make ice-cream again very quickly.

The dry ice is in the form of large granules.

dry ice

It must be reduced to powder, for that enclose it in a cloth that you will fold carefully, and then tap it with a pastry roll.

dry ice

You must obtain a coarse powder.

dry ice

That you will pour directly in the mixture in motion (whipped).

dry ice

It's always a little dramatic effect.

dry ice

And ice-cream is ready in seconds.

dry ice

You will notice that unlike liquid nitrogen which is neutral, dry ice gives a little spicy taste to the ice-cream, it must be considered when choosing the flavor.

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