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How to beat egg whites

How to beat egg whites
Beat egg whites is very common in cooking and pastry, here are some tips to get there easily.
399,4403.9/5 for 62 ratings
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Last modified on: February 21th 2011

For 4 eggs whites, you will need:

How long does it take?

Time required
PreparationStart to finish
5 min.5 min.
1 hour bfore use.

Step by step recipe

Stage 1 - 5 min.
How to beat egg whites : Photo of step #1
They should be beaten at high speed.

If they are for savoury or neutral preparations (i.e. without sugar), add a teaspoon of lemon juice before starting to beat to prevent them "going grainy" which can happen with very fresh egg whites.

If they are for sweet preparations (for meringues for example), incorporate 2 tablespoons of caster sugar from the total sugar you plan to add, halfway through beating, which makes it much easier to beat and to incorporate the remaining sugar.

Stage 2
How to beat egg whites : Photo of step #2
Beating egg whites incorporates air, which creates a foam made up of ever smaller bubbles of air and drops of white (albumen + water), see the microscope photo on right.

This fact give us some rules for egg whites:
  • Fresh egg whites give better results that old ones, because they contain more water.
  • If you add water or a liquid which contains some (fruit juice, ...) to egg whites to be beaten, you will have a greater volume of foam.
  • Fat is the enemy when beating egg whites, because it obstructs or prevents the formation of foam, so it's necessary to be sure that the egg whites contain no traces of yolk (not a drop), and that the container that you're going to use is completely clean (be particularly careful with plastic bowls).

Nutritional information

% are calculated relative to a Recommended Dietary Intake or RDI of 2000 k-calories or 8400 k-joules by day for a woman (change to a man).


Home made.

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This recipe uses (among others)
Egg whiteEgg white: You can get more informations, or check-out other recipes which use it, for example: Vanilla ice cream, Coconut tuiles, Financiers, Almond tuiles, Verrine of avocado mousse and crab, ... All
Lemon juiceLemon juice: You can check-out other recipes which use it, like for example: Nanou's tuna tart, Cubed salad, Coriander and cashew nut pesto, Penne with Mushrooms, Salmon chard rolls, ... All

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