How to beat egg whites

How to beat egg whites
Beat egg whites is very common in cooking and pastry, here are some tips to get there easily.
547K 3.5/5 based on 109 reviews
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Last modified on: February 21th 2011

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For 12 eggs whites, you will need:
  • 1 egg white 12 egg whites
  • 2 lemon juice 1.5 teaspoon lemon juice
  • Total weight: 368 grams

Change these quantities to make: 2 eggs whites 4 eggs whites 8 eggs whites 12 eggs whites
How long will it take?
Time required for this recipe:
PreparationStart to finish
5 min.5 min.

Step by step recipe

Stage 1 - 5 min.
How to beat egg whites
They should be beaten at high speed.

If they are for savoury or neutral preparations (i.e. without sugar), add a teaspoon of lemon juice before starting to beat to prevent them "going grainy" which can happen with very fresh egg whites.

If they are for sweet preparations (for meringues for example), incorporate 2 tablespoons of caster sugar from the total sugar you plan to add, halfway through beating, which makes it much easier to beat and to incorporate the remaining sugar.

Stage 2
How to beat egg whites
Beating egg whites incorporates air, which creates a foam made up of ever smaller bubbles of air and drops of white (albumen + water), see the microscope photo on right.

This fact give us some rules for egg whites:
  • Fresh egg whites give better results that old ones, because they contain more water.
  • If you add water or a liquid which contains some (fruit juice, ...) to egg whites to be beaten, you will have a greater volume of foam.
  • Fat is the enemy when beating egg whites, because it obstructs or prevents the formation of foam, so it's necessary to be sure that the egg whites contain no traces of yolk (not a drop), and that the container that you're going to use is completely clean (be particularly careful with plastic bowls).
1 hour bfore use.
Home made.
Nutritional information
Whole recipe
Energetic valueProteins CarbohydratesFats
75 Kcal or 314 Kj18 gr1 gr0 gr
4 %7 %<1 %0 %
Per 100 g
Energetic valueProteins CarbohydratesFats
20 Kcal or 84 Kj5 gr< 1 gr0 gr
1 %2 %<1 %0 %
Per egg whites
Energetic valueProteins CarbohydratesFats
6 Kcal or 25 Kj2 gr< 1 gr0 gr
0 %1 %<1 %0 %
% are calculated relative to a Recommended Dietary Intake or RDI of 2000 k-calories or 8400 k-joules by day for a woman (change to a man).
Possible allergens in this recipe: Egg
How much will it cost?
  • For 12 eggs whites : 1.09 €
  • Per egg whites : 0.09 €

Change currency:

Note: Be careful, these prices are only an estimate, you can consult the table of prices by ingredients used for this estimate.
This recipe uses (among others)
Egg whiteEgg white: You can get more informations, or check-out other recipes which use it, for example: Nougat, Coconut tuiles, Baked Alaska, Amiens macaroons, Brioche royale, ... All
Lemon juiceLemon juice: You can check-out other recipes which use it, like for example: Simple mushroom salad with thyme and lemon, 3 ways, Peach and verbena feuilleté, Fillets of sole meunière, Tarte Jurassienne, Cauliflower and avocado rémoulade, ... All
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