Ocean bread

Ocean bread
The idea for this bread was inspired by an amusing coincidence: the proportion of salt needed for good bread is 35 g of salt per litre of water, which just happens to be the exact concentration of salt in the Atlantic Ocean. So it's possible to make bread using sea water to provide all the salt needed, rather than normal fresh water. Not only does it work, the resulting bread is excellent!
141K 6 9 3.8
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Last modified on: October 24th 2017

Keywords for this recipe:BakeryBreadSaltOceanSea water

For 1 Ocean bread, you will need:

Change these quantities to make: 1 Ocean bread 2 Oceans bread 3 Oceans bread

How long does it take?

Time required for this recipe:
PreparationRestingCookingStart to finish
17 min.4 hours 10 min.40 min.5 hours 7 min.
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Step by step recipe

Stage 1 - 1 min.
Ocean bread : Photo of step #1
Filter 300 ml sea water to strain out any little impurities it might contain.

Stage 2 - 3 min.
Ocean bread : Photo of step #2
Pour the sea water into the food processor bowl, add 125 g leaven and mix briefly.

Stage 3 - 10 min.
Ocean bread : Photo of step #3
Add 500 g plain white flour (French Type 65) then ½ teaspoon yeast and knead for 5 minutes on minimum speed (1), then for a further 5 minutes on speed 2.

You could also chech the dough by trying the window-pane test.

Note: For the best way to knead, see: A few tips for effective kneading at home.

Stage 4 - 10 min.
Ocean bread : Photo of step #4
Tip the dough into a large clean bowl and cover with a plastic sheet. Leave to rest for 10 minutes.

Stage 5
Ocean bread : Photo of step #5
At the end of this resting time, take a wooden spatula or a dough cutter and lift the dough, stretching it upwards...

Stage 6 - 2 hours
...then fold it over on itself.

Give a quarter turn to the bowl and repeat the operation. Continue like this until the bowl has made at least one complete turn. In French this kneading manœuvre is called a "rabat".

Cover the bowl again and leave to rest in a warm place for 20 minutes.

This sequence of "rabat" + 20 minutes resting should be done 3 times.

Note: The "rabat" technique is rather hard to describe, so you can watch it in the video on the right.

Stage 7 - 1 min.
Ocean bread : Photo of step #7
Cover the bowl and leave to rest in a warm place for 2 hours.

After resting, tip the dough out onto your worktop.

Stage 8 - 2 min.
Ocean bread : Photo of step #8
Shape it into a nice round ball by folding the edge under until the top becomes a smooth dome.

Stage 9 - 2 hours
Ocean bread : Photo of step #9
Put this ball into a banneton (rising basket), dust with flour, cover and leave in a warm place for 1 ½ to 2 hours.

Stage 10 - 40 min.
Ocean bread : Photo of step #10
Preheat the oven to 240°C (460°F).

Turn the loaf out of the basket, slash the top and bake for 30 to 40 minutes.

Note: As when baking any bread, you should ensure that the oven is filled with steam for the first 15 minutes of baking. This page shows you how; it really is the secret of golden-brown, crusty loaves..

Stage 11
Ocean bread : Photo of step #11
When the loaf comes out of the oven, see how crunchy the crust is and how light the loaf is inside.


This recipe only works well with ocean water (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian); the water from the Mediterranean is too salty, so needs to be diluted with a little fresh water.

In spite of the name, there's no "sea" flavour to this bread. Delicious as it is, you'll not find any trace of the slight iodine taste of the sea (no doubt this disappears during cooking). To get this flavour, you would need to add seaweed extract or other seafood.


Several days in a towel bag.

Nutritional information

Whole recipe
Energetic valueProteins CarbohydratesFats
1,837 Kcal or 7,691 Kj56 gr422 gr9 gr
92 %22 %40 %1 %
Per 100 g
Energetic valueProteins CarbohydratesFats
198 Kcal or 829 Kj6 gr46 gr1 gr
10 %2 %4 %<1 %
% are calculated relative to a Recommended Dietary Intake or RDI of 2000 k-calories or 8400 k-joules by day for a woman (change to a man).

How much will it cost?

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Note : These prices are only approximate.


Home-made, but warmly dedicated to Clairette and Tom-Tom who are sailing somewhere between the Azores and the Canary Isles.

More recipes?

This recipe uses (among others)
Plain white flour (French Type 65)Plain white flour (French Type 65): You can get more informations, or check-out other recipes which use it, for example: Cretan Bread, Bacon rolls, Pizza dough, Mixed seed grissini, New leavened bread, ... All
Sea waterSea water: You can check-out other recipes which use it, like for example: How to make fleur de sel (salt flakes), ... All
LeavenLeaven: You can get more informations, or check-out other recipes which use it, for example: Special small breads, Pizza dough, Sandwich bread, Pogne de Romans, French baguettes, ... All
YeastYeast: You can get more informations, or check-out other recipes which use it, for example: "Psychedelic" sandwich bread, Classic French white bread, Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants), Bacon rolls, Mustard baps, ... All

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