Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants)


Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants)
This yeast-based flaky dough (or croissant dough) is where puff pastry meets a yeast dough (such as brioche dough). This means that not only will we get flaky layers, but the dough will also swell and rise.

The method is along the same lines as for a feuilletage: the basic dough is first kneaded, then layered with butter and folded over several times (in "turns") to give it its flakiness.

This is a highly technical dough and quite tricky to make well at home by hand, with a rolling pin. But don't despair, this version is adapted for home baking and you'll find all the tips and tricks you need to succeed.
9,075 25/5 for 8 ratings
Grade this recipe:

Last modified on: June 9th 2019

For 1 kg 400 g, you will need:

Change those ingredients for: 700 g 1 kg 400 g 2 kg 800 g 4 kg 200 g

How long does it take?

Time required for this recipe:
PreparationRestingStart to finish
58 min.3 hours3 hours 58 min.
Keeping: Should be used the same day or frozen.
At what time?
  • When will I finish if I start the recipe at a certain time?
    When should I start for the recipe to be ready at a certain time?
Work this out...

Step by step recipe


Stage 1 - 2 hours
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #1
Put into a jug: 110 ml water, 100 ml whole milk and 50 g egg. Refrigerate overnight, or for at least 2 hours.

We need to do this (as for all viennoiserie doughs) because we need to work with very cold ingredients.

Stage 2 - 5 min.
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #2

Basic dough

Pour the water+milk+egg mixture (really cold) into a mixer bowl, then add 50 g egg, 9 g fine (or table) salt, 70 g caster sugar, 25 g yeast, 10 g honey, 30 g butter, 100 g fermented viennoiserie dough and 50 g leaven.

Stage 3 - 20 min.
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #3
Knead on slow speed for 8 minutes, then on slightly higher speed for 10 minutes.



Note: For the best way to knead, see: A few tips for effective kneading at home.

Stage 4
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #4
You should now have a supple, firm dough.

Stage 5 - 1 min.
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #5
To be sure the dough is well-enough kneaded, do the window-pane test. If it isn't ready, knead for a little longer.

Stage 6 - 1 min.
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #6
Tip out the dough onto a floured worktop.

Stage 7 - 1 min.
Shape the dough into a long roll, as shown in this short video.

Stage 8 - 15 min.
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #8
Cover the dough with plastic sheet and leave to rest for 15 minutes.

Stage 9 - 45 min.
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #9
After this time, roll out the dough with a rolling pin into a large rectangle, the same size as your oven shelf, and lay it on this.

Lay a plastic sheet on top and put the lot into the freezer for 45 minutes to thoroughly cool the dough.

Stage 10 - 5 min.
Meanwhile, prepare the 300 g butter: wrap it in plastic sheet and hit with a rolling pin until it is the same height as the rectangle of dough, but only half as wide.

Stage 11
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #11
Once you have the right sized rectangle, put the butter to wait in the fridge.

Stage 12 - 3 min.
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #12

Layering with butter

Check that the dough and butter are at about the same temperature, i.e. very cold (this is most important). Lay the dough on the worktop.

Take the rectangle of butter out of its plastic wrapping and lay on the dough. If you have measured correctly, the butter should cover half the width of the dough and its full height.

Stage 13 - 2 min.
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #13
Fold the sides of the dough over the butter. The edges should meet in the centre to completely cover the butter.

Stage 14 - 2 min.
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #14
With the rolling pin press over the whole surface to spread out the butter on the inside.

It doesn't matter if a little butter squashes out at the ends.

Stage 15
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #15
So, at this stage we have one layer of butter sandwiched between 2 layers of dough, as in this diagram (yellow = butter, brown = dough).

Stage 16 - 7 min.
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #16
Roll out the dough lengthways to about 24 inches (60 cm).

I admit this is hard work; it takes a lot of energy to roll out a firm dough.

Stage 17 - 1 min.
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #17

The double turn

Fold the dough ends in, but not into the centre...

Stage 18
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #18
...make the join at about 2/3.

The red line shows the dough's centre line and the green arrow indicates where the two ends of the dough are folded in to meet. The ends meet at the 2/3 point rather than halfway because the next step involves folding the dough in half and this would place the 2 joins one on top of the other, which would make poor flakes.

Stage 19 - 1 min.
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #19
Then fold the dough in half.

Stage 20
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #20
You have now made a double turn or "wallet turn".

Stage 21
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #21
By this stage, we now have 4 layers of butter between 8 layers of pastry (as in this diagram (yellow = butter, brown = dough).

Stage 22 - 1 min.
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #22
With a very sharp kitchen or craft knife, slit through the fold of dough on one side...

Stage 23
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #23
...then the other.

This is so that the flakes can develop fully with no round edge, just uninterrupted layers of dough and butter.

Stage 24 - 5 min.
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #24
Give the dough a quarter turn, then roll out lengthways again to about 24 inches (60 cm).

Stage 25
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #25
It doesn't matter if the butter is showing a little around the edges - quite the contrary: this shows the butter is well distributed through the layers of dough.

Stage 26 - 1 min.
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #26

The single turn

Fold one third of the dough in towards the centre...

Stage 27 - 1 min.
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #27
...and fold the remaining third over the top.

This is a "simple turn".

Stage 28 - 1 min.
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #28
Split the side folds one last time.

Stage 29
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #29
It might be hard to see now, but this double turn and single turn has given you a yeast-based flaky dough made up of 13 layers of dough enclosing 12 layers of butter. When baked, this will create a superb flaky "feuilletage".

Stage 30
Yeast-based flaky dough (for croissants) : Photo of step #30
Your yeast-based flaky dough is now ready. Wrap in plastic film and refrigerate for 2 hours before using, or freeze for later.

Remarks

When making any viennoiseiries, but especially this yeast-based flaky dough, cold is your friend. This is because the recipe uses a lot of butter. If you are having trouble with the folding and turning because the dough is going soft, pause and put the dough in the freezer to firm up for 30 minutes (or longer). Do this as often as necessary.

Ideally, the butter to use for this kind of flaky dough is the special "beurre de tourage" the professionals use, which can be hard to find. But don't worry, normal butter works quite well.

Nutritional information

Whole recipe
Energetic valueProteins CarbohydratesFats
5,217 Kcal or 21,843 Kj81 gr526 gr310 gr
261 %31 %50 %47 %
Per 100 g
Energetic valueProteins CarbohydratesFats
385 Kcal or 1,612 Kj6 gr39 gr23 gr
19 %2 %4 %3 %
% are calculated relative to a Recommended Dietary Intake or RDI of 2000 k-calories or 8400 k-joules by day for a woman (change to a man).

How much will it cost?

Note : These prices are only approximate

Change currency:

Some recipes that use this recipe

French croissants
French croissants

In this famous and highly technical recipe from a piece of yeast-based flaky dough we are going to cut and shape ("roll") croissants.
435,3594.8/5 for 5 ratings 2 hours 34 min.
See all recipes that use it

Source

Based on a recipe by Sébastien Ropers of the Penn-ar-bread bakery, a true master baker.

More recipes?

This recipe uses (among others)
Plain white flour (French Type 45)Plain white flour (French Type 45): You can get more informations, or check-out other recipes which use it, for example: Sweetcrust pastry (pâte sablée), ... All
WaterWater: You can get more informations, or check-out other recipes which use it, for example: How to heat milk without it catching on the bottom of the pan, Kouign-amann, Chicken pie, Poaching syrup, Natural leaven, ... All
Whole milkWhole milk: You can get more informations, or check-out other recipes which use it, for example: Chocolate cream with a crunch, irish coffee mousse, Gâteau Basque , Cramique, Cheese Soufflé, Fresh mint ice-cream, ... All
Fermented viennoiserie doughFermented viennoiserie dough: You can get more informations, or check-out other recipes which use it, for example: Brioche dough, Rolled chestnut and apple brioche, Flaky brownie brioche, Nantes Tourton, Flaky chocolate brioche, ... All

Other recipes you may also like

[Potimarron and leek soup]
Potimarron and leek soup
This autumnal soup combines the flavours of Japanese chestnut pumpkin (potimarron) and leeks - they go so well together. The resulting soup is velvety smooth and delicious.
3,197 13.9/5 for 19 ratings 1 hour 7 min.
[Quince and apple compote]
Quince and apple compote
This compote is a tricky balancing act between the characteristic quince flavour and just enough apples to sweeten it. You should end up with a compote that has a delicate quince flavour rounded out by the apples and brown sugar.
3,7943/5 for 2 ratings 59 min.
[Soft fruits in sabayon]
Soft fruits in sabayon
This recipe is made by briefly cooking an assortment of soft fruits (raspberries, blackcurrants, blackberries, blueberries, currants...) with a little sugar to glaze them. They are served in a small dish, covered with a delicious sabayon which can be lightly "burned" on surface.
79,3313.9/5 for 18 ratings 46 min.
[Herb olive oil]
Herb olive oil
This flavoured olive oil, easy to prepare, goes very well with Mediterranean cuisine: pizzas, pastas, pan bagnat, etc...
69,9823.8/5 for 12 ratings 21 min.
[Tartiflette]
Tartiflette
A personal version of a classic recipe from Savoy.
96,638 14.6/5 for 11 ratings 1 hour 27 min.

News list of cooking-ez.com

Sign up to receive the latest recipes (next batch due to be sent on 2019-12-08)

I am not a leaving thing
Note: We'll never share your email with anyone else.

Post your comment or question

I am not a leaving thing

Your 2 comments or questions on this recipe

Follow this recipe

If you are interested in this recipe, you can "follow" it, by entering your email address here. You will then receive a notification immediately each time the recipe is modified or a new comment is added. Please note that you will need to confirm this following.
I am not a leaving thing
Note: We'll never share your email with anyone else.
Alternatively: you can subscribe to the mailing list of cooling-ez.com , you will receive a e-mail for each new recipe published on the site.

Back to top of page